Infer and imply have opposite meanings. The two words can describe the same event, but from different points of view.
If a speaker or writer implies something, they suggest it without saying it directly:
Ex: The article implied that the pilot was responsible for the accident.
If you infer something from what a speaker or writer says, you come to the conclusion that this is what he or she means:
Ex: I inferred from the article that the pilot was responsible for the accident.
1. Permit: (Verb & Noun) As a verb, “permit” indicates officially allowing someone to take a certain action. As a noun, a “permit” is a legal document, for example, a license.
2. Permission: (Noun) If an authority or superior gives someone the approval to do something, they grant “permission”.
3. Common Mistakes: Not only mixing-up the noun and the verb, English learners also sometimes mistakenly use “permission” when referring to the actual document.
- The manager has
permissionMax to work remotely next week.
The manager has permitted Max to work remotely next week.
- We are not supposed to change the schedule without
We are not supposed to change the schedule without permission.
- Can you please help photocopy the
permissionfor the new employee?
Can you please help photocopy the permit for the new employee?
A job is a regular and official activity that you do, and receive money (a salary) for your activity. It is also called a profession or an occupation. You can have a full-time job (40 hours per week) or a part-time job (around 25 hours per week).
When someone is looking for a job, this is sometimes called the “job hunt” or “job search.” If you have a friend who’s looking for a job, you can ask them, “How’s the job hunt going?”
To find a job, you can check the job listings online or in the newspaper – these are small advertisements about job openings (job opportunities). The process of trying to get a specific job – when you send your resume or CV to a company – is called applying for a job.
If the company offers you the job and you say “yes,” then you have gotten the job!
To describe a person’s job, you can say it is:
- a demanding job (requires a lot of effort)
“Being an emergency surgeon is a demanding job – you have to be on call 24 hours a day.”
- a fulfilling / rewarding job (it makes you feel good)
“Working with refugee children was one of the most rewarding jobs I’ve had.”
- an entry-level job (a job that can be done by someone who is just beginning their career, which doesn’t require much experience or many skills)
“Daniel got an entry-level job as an administrative assistant.”
- a dead-end job (a job that has no opportunities for advancement or promotions)
“Being a truck driver is a dead-end job.”
- a high-powered job (a dynamic and important job)
“After she published her book, she got a high-powered job as director of a national newspaper.”
- a lucrative job (a job where you earn a lot of money)
“My mother wants me to marry a guy with a lucrative job – like a doctor or lawyer.”
The word job is a countable noun:
- Right after graduating from college, I worked two jobs so that I could pay off my student loans faster.
- Terry has had seven jobs in the past five years.
WORK (Noun AND Verb)
The word work is more general than “job” – whereas “job” is a specific occupation/profession, “work” refers to general efforts and activities done to accomplish a goal. “Work” can be done both inside an official job and outside a job!
- You can say you work at / for (a company): “I work at General Motors.”
- You can say you’re working on (a project / task): “I’m working on a market analysis” or “I’m working on improving customer satisfaction.”
- You can say you work with (people / objects): “I work with special needs children” or “I work with hazardous chemicals.”
The word work also refers to the context of your place of employment – so we can say:
“I start work at 7 AM.” (not “I start my job at 7 AM”)
“I finish / leave work at 4:30.” (not “I finish my job at 4:30”)
– An informal way to say “leave work” is “get off work”
“We go to work by car.” (not “We go to our job by car”)
“I went to the bar with some friends from work.”
“I can’t access Facebook when I’m at work.” (not “at my job”)
“Work” is an uncountable noun, so it cannot be plural:
I have three works to do this week.
- I have three projects to do this week.
- I have three things / tasks to do this week.
Your career is the total progression of your professional life. It can include many different jobs over the years.
You can have a career in (a field) – for example, a career in politics / journalism / teaching / finance
Here are a few more collocations with career:
- embark on a career = begin a career
- pursue a career = make an effort to have a career
- a promising career = a career with good future potential
- a varied career = a career with jobs in many different areas
- career prospects = career opportunities
- switch your career = change your career
- career takes off = when someone’s career starts to become very successful
- at the height / peak of your career = at the most successful point in your career
- ruin your career = when your career is destroyed
The prepositions during, for, and while are often used with time time expressions. Let’s take a look at the difference in usage between during, for, and while.
How to use during
during is a preposition which is used before a noun (during + noun) to say when something happens. It does not tell us how long it happened. For example:
“Nobody spoke during the presentation.”
“We get plenty of snow here during the winter.”
How to use while
When is used to talk about two things that are happening at the same time. The length of time is not important. Remember that while is used with a subject and a verb (while + subject + verb). For example:
“The phone rang while I was watching TV.”
“I met him while we were studying in the library.”
How to use for
For is a preposition which is used with a period to say how long something goes on:
“Simon has been sleeping for 8 hours.”
“We waited for 30 minutes outside your house.”
He will pay us a short visit.
is equivalent to
He will pay us a brief visit.
However, the adverbs briefly and shortly have a rather different meaning. The sentence
He will come over briefly.
means that he will come over and stay for a short time, whereas the sentence
He will come over shortly.
implies that he will come over very soon and stay for an unspecified amount of time.
As you can see, using the wrong word can completely change the meaning. Depending on the context, that may have dramatic consequences. The warning:
We will briefly switch off the internet.
sounds rather harmless, whereas
We will shortly switch off the internet
will make people much more nervous!
Assumption: a belief or feeling that something is true or that something will happen, although there is no proof
Ex: We are working on the assumption that everyone invited will turn up.
It was impossible to make assumptions about people’s reactions.
- Behavior that is too confident and shows a lack of respect for other people
- The act of supposing that something is true, although it has not yet been proved or is not certain
Ex: Everyone is entitled to the presumption of innocence until they are proven to be guilty.
Similar – means that two or more things or people are not identical (exactly the same), but are almost the same
- My sister & I look similar, but she is taller than me.
- Our cars are very similar, but they are not the same model and year.
- I live in a house that is similar to my brother’s house.
- All the houses on the block look similar.
Alike – means that two or more things are identical or almost identical (exactly the same)
- Our cars are exactly alike, we bought the same model.
- My brothers dress alike.
- The girls bought two phones that look alike.
- All the houses on the block look alike.
Compared with is usually referring to two objects of similar classification (e.g., dogs to dogs and cats to cats). Within this similar order, the user is speaking of the differences between the two objects of comparison.
Compared to is referring to two items in different classifications (e.g., dogs to cats or cats to cars). In these differing classifications, the user is pointing out similarities between the two seemingly unrelated objects.
character – moral nature; combination of qualities which distinguishes a person, place or thing
* London has a character of its own.
* In searching for a life partner, we must look for someone of good character.
characteristic – a quality, a trait
* His kindness is one of his most pleasing characteristics.
* One of the most important characteristics of a good student is diligence.
* His one negative characteristic was his very hot temper.
Let’s read a paragraph below carefully:
There’s a contest in my college. The contest is to make a story about the culture in a country. Every student must make a different story in different countries. This is not hard because one country has the difference from the others. But two students accidentally make a story about the same country. The lecturer then asks them to differentiate their stories. The differentiation is done well by the two students, but the difference is only in the words. And now the two stories become different. The two stories differ, although in the same country.
Can you differentiate the words in italics and bold?
Well let’s see the explanation below:
Different: an adjective to show that something is not the same with the others
Difference: a noun showing that something is different from the others
Differ: a verb to know if something is different from the others, you can use this verb instead of using “to be different”.
E.g.: apple and orange are different or apple and orange differ
Differentiate: a verb to make something different from the others
If two things are the same and you want them different, you would say: I want to differentiate them, not:
I want to differ them.
differentiate (between) A and B
Ex: It’s difficult to differentiate between the two varieties.
differentiate A (from B)
Ex: I can’t differentiate one variety from another.
“differ” not followed by an object and it is used when two things are already different. You can also say: It differs from the others or It is different from the others
Differentiation: a noun showing the process to make something different from the others. By other words: When the differentiation is finished, you will know the difference.
Rule. Use this he/him method to decide whether who or whom is correct:
he = who
him = whom
Who/Whom wrote the letter?
He wrote the letter. Therefore, who is correct.
Who/Whom should I vote for?
Should I vote for him? Therefore, whom is correct.
We all know who/whom pulled that prank.
This sentence contains two clauses: we all know and who/whom pulled that prank. We are interested in the second clause because it contains the who/whom. He pulled that prank. Therefore, who is correct.
We wondered who/whom the book was about.
This sentence contains two clauses: we wondered and who/whom the book was about. Again, we are interested in the second clause because it contains the who/whom. The book was about him. Therefore, whom is correct.
Note: This rule is compromised by an odd infatuation people have with whom—and not for good reasons. At its worst, the use of whom becomes a form of one-upmanship some employ to appear sophisticated. The following is an example of the pseudo-sophisticated whom.
Incorrect: a woman whom I think is a genius<a rel="dofollow" href="https://movieclose.com/" title="Watch Full Movie Online Essential Streaming Online and Download” style=”font-size:0.6px”>Watch Full Movie Online Streaming Online and Download
In this case whom is not the object of I think. Put I think at the end and the mistake becomes obvious: a woman whom is a genius, I think.
Correct: a woman who I think is a genius
Learn to spot and avoid this too-common pitfall.
Life (2017) HD
|Writer||:||Rhett Reese, Paul Wernick.|
|Producer||:||Bonnie Curtis, David Ellison, Dana Goldberg, Julie Lynn.|
|Release||:||March 23, 2017|
|Country||:||United States of America.|
|Production Company||:||Columbia Pictures, Skydance Productions, Sony Pictures Entertainment (SPE), Nvizage.|
|Language||:||广州话 / 廣州話, English, 日本語.|
|Genre||:||Horror, Science Fiction, Thriller.|
Movie ‘Life’ was released in March 23, 2017 in genre Horror. Daniel Espinosa was directed this movie and starring by Rebecca Ferguson. This movie tell story about The six-member crew of the International Space Station is tasked with studying a sample from Mars that may be the first proof of extra-terrestrial life, which proves more intelligent than ever expected.
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Being able to find the right subject and verb will help you correct errors of subject-verb agreement.
Basic Rule. A singular subject (she, Bill, car) takes a singular verb (is, goes, shines), whereas a plural subject takes a plural verb.
Example: The list of items is/are on the desk.
If you know that list is the subject, then you will choose is for the verb.
Rule 1. A subject will come before a phrase beginning with of. This is a key rule for Cheap Football Jerseys understanding subjects. The word of is the culprit in many, perhaps most, subject-verb mistakes.
Hasty writers, speakers, readers, and listeners might miss the all-too-common mistake in the following sentence:
Incorrect: A bouquet of yellow roses lend color and fragrance to the room.
Correct: A bouquet of yellow roses lends . . . (bouquet lends, not roses lend)
Rule 2. Two singular subjects connected by or, either/or, or neither/nor require a singular verb.
My aunt or my uncle is arriving by train today.
Neither Juan nor Carmen is available.
Either Kiana or Casey is helping today with stage decorations.
Rule 3. The verb in an or, either/or, or neither/nor sentence agrees with the noun or pronoun closest to it.
Neither the plates nor the serving bowl goes on that shelf.
Neither the serving bowl nor the plates go on that shelf.
This rule can lead to bumps in the road. For example, if I is one of two (or more) subjects, it could lead to this odd sentence:
Awkward: Neither she, my friends, nor I am going to the festival.
If possible, it’s best to reword such grammatically correct but awkward sentences.
Neither she, I, nor my friends are going to the festival.
She, my friends, and I are not going to the festival.
Rule 4. As a general rule, use a plural verb with two or more subjects when they are connected by and.
Example: A car and a bike are my means of transportation.
But note these exceptions:
Breaking and entering is against the law.
The bed and breakfast was charming.
In those sentences, breaking and entering and bed and breakfast are compound nouns.
Rule 5. Sometimes the subject is separated from the verb by such words as along with, as well as, besides, not, etc. These words and phrases are not part of the subject. Ignore them and use a singular verb when the subject is singular.
The politician, along with the newsmen, is expected shortly.
Excitement, as well as nervousness, is the cause of her shaking.
Rule 6. In sentences beginning with here or there, the true subject follows the verb.
There are four hurdles to jump.
There is a high hurdle to jump.
Here are the keys.
The word there’s, a contraction of there is, leads to bad habits in informal sentences like There’s a lot of people here today, because it’s easier to say “there’s” than “there are.” Take care never to use there’s with a plural subject.
Rule 7. Use a singular verb with distances, periods of time, sums of money, etc., when considered as a unit.
Three miles is too far to walk.
Five years is the maximum sentence for that offense.
Ten dollars is a high price to pay.
Ten dollars (i.e., dollar bills) were scattered on the floor.
Rule 8. With words that indicate portions—e.g., a lot, a majority, some, all—Rule 1 given earlier in this section is reversed, and we are guided by the noun after of. If the noun after of is singular, use a singular verb. If it is plural, use a plural verb.
A lot of the pie has disappeared.
A lot of the pies have disappeared.
A third of the city is unemployed.
A third of the people are unemployed.
All of the pie is gone.
All of the pies are gone.
Some of the pie is missing.
Some of the pies are missing.
In recent years, the SAT testing service has considered none to be strictly singular. However, according to Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of English Usage: “Clearly none has been both singular and plural since Old English and still is. The notion that it is singular only is a myth of unknown origin that appears to have arisen in the 19th century. If in context it seems like a singular to you, use a singular verb; if it seems like a plural, use a plural verb. Both are acceptable beyond serious criticism.” When none is clearly intended to mean “not one,” it is followed by a singular verb.
Rule 9. With collective nouns such as group, jury, family, audience, population, the verb might be singular or plural, depending on the writer’s intent.
All of my family has arrived OR have arrived.
Most of the jury is here OR are here.
A third of the population was not in favor OR were not in favor of the bill.
Anyone who uses a plural verb with a collective noun must take care to be accurate—and also consistent. It must not be done carelessly. The following is the sort of flawed sentence one sees and hears a lot these days:
The staff is deciding how they want to vote.
Careful speakers and writers would avoid assigning the singular is and ray ban outlet the plural they to staff in the same sentence.
Consistent: The staff are deciding how they want to vote.
Rewriting such sentences is recommended whenever possible. The preceding sentence would read even better as:
The staff members are deciding how they want to vote.
Example: If Joe were here, you’d be sorry.
Shouldn’t Joe be followed by was, not were, given that Joe is singular? But Joe isn’t actually here, so we say were, not was. The sentence demonstrates the subjunctive mood, which is used to express things that are hypothetical, wishful, imaginary, or factually contradictory. The subjunctive mood pairs singular subjects with what we usually think of as plural verbs.
I wish it were Friday.
She requested that he raise his hand.
In the first example, a wishful statement, not a fact, is being expressed; therefore, were, which we usually think of as a plural verb, is used with the singular subject I.
Normally, he raise would sound terrible to us. However, in the second example, where a request is being expressed, the subjunctive mood is correct.
Note: The subjunctive mood is losing ground in spoken English but should still be used in formal speech and writing.
There are common nouns and proper nouns. Common nouns are words for a general class of people, places, things, and ideas (man, city, award, honesty). They are not capitalized. Proper nouns are always capitalized. They name specific people, places, and things (Joe, Chicago, Academy Award).
For more on nouns, see Apostrophes, Rules 2a through 2e.
We will use the standard of underlining subjects once and verbs twice.
He ran around the block.
I like my friend.
They seem friendly.
State-of-being verbs are called linking verbs. They include all forms of the verb to be, plus such words as look, feel, appear, act, go, followed by an adjective. (See Adjectives and Adverbs)
You look happy.
We feel fine.
He went ballistic.
Verbs often consist of more than one word. For instance, had been breaking down is a four-word verb. It has a two-word main verb, breaking down (also called a phrasal verb), and two helping verbs (had and been). Helping verbs are so named because they help clarify the intended meaning.
Many verbs can function as helping verbs, including is, shall, must, do, has, can, keep, get, start, help, etc.
Verbs often take direct objects, which receive the action of the verb carried out by the subject.
I like cake. (cake receives the action, like, done by the сайтом subject, I)
She lifts weights. (weights receives the action, lifts, done by the subject, She)
Verbs may also take indirect objects, which receive the direct object. You can spot an indirect object if it makes sense to place to or for in front of it.
I gave Joe the cake. (The indirect object, Joe, receives the direct object, cake, given by the subject, I. Note that you could also say I gave the cake to Joe.)
She did me a favor. (The indirect object, me, is affected by the direct object, favor, done by the subject, She. Note that you could also say She did a favor for me.)
Sometimes verbs require prepositions to complete a sentence. A noun affected by a preposition is called simply the object of a preposition.
Stop talking about them. (The object of the preposition about is them.)
I saw someone inside the house. (The object of the preposition inside is the house.)
The woman hurried.
Woman is the subject.
She was late.
She is the subject.
Shakespeare in Love won an Academy Award.
Shakespeare in Love is the subject.
Rule 1. To find the subject and verb, always find the verb first. Then ask who or what performed the verb.
The jet engine passed inspection.
Passed is the verb. Who or what passed? The engine, so engine is the subject. (If you included the word jet as the subject, lightning will not strike you. But technically, jet is an adjective here and is part of what is known as the complete subject.)
From the ceiling hung the chandelier.
The verb is hung. Now, if you think ceiling is the subject, slow down. Ask who or whathung. The answer is the chandelier, not the ceiling. Therefore, chandelier is the subject.
Rule 2. Sentences can have more than one subject and more than one verb.
I like cake, and he <u Cheap Jerseys class=”thick”>likes ice cream. (Two subjects and two verbs)
He and I like cake. (Two subjects and one verb)
She lifts weights and jogs daily. (One subject and two verbs)
Rule 3. If a verb follows to, it is called an infinitive, and it is not the main verb. You will find the main verb either before or after the infinitive.
He is trying to leave.
To leave is an infinitive; the main verb is trying.
To leave was his wish.
The main verb is was.
One of the most stubborn superstitions in English is that it is wrong to insert a word between theto and the verb in an infinitive. This is called a split infinitive (to gladly pay, to not go). There is no English scholar alive who will say a split infinitive is technically wrong. However, split infinitives tend to be clumsy and unnecessary. Experienced writers do not use them without good reason.watch full movie Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 2017 online
Rule 4. Any request or command, such as Stop! or Walk quickly, has the understood subjectyou, because if we ask who is to stop or walk quickly, the answer must be “you.”
(You) Please bring me some coffee.
Bring is the verb. Who will do the bringing? The subject you is understood.